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10 rare beautiful words you should use more

As a language that underwent different phases in its history, Malay possesses a vocabulary with different types of "sounds". Part of our borrowed vocabulary comes from Sanskrit (angkasa, sastera, agama) during the time of the Hindu religion, whereas another part comes from Persian (bandar, pasar, dewan) following the arrival of Islam in the archipelago. Another part is also Portuguese in origin (almari, jendela, garpu) due to the Portuguese conquering Malacca.


Because the vocabulary of Malay has so much variety, it's only natural that a huge number of words fade in use over time. In this article we collect 10 beautiful words that have suffered this fate.



1. soldadu


Meaning: soldier. Also sometimes "serdadu".

"Hanya seorang saja soldadu yang hidup."



2. jagatraya


Meaning: all over the world.

"Suatu hari nanti, suara aku akan didengari di jagatraya."



3. dinihari


Meaning: the crack of dawn, just before the sunrise.

"Aku suka melihat kejingga-emasan langit di waktu dinihari."



4. ilmu bintang


Meaning: an old name for astronomy. Literal translation is "knowledge of the stars".

"Adakah engkau ingin mengejar ilmu bintang?"



5. harfiah


Meaning: literal / literally

"Metafora gaya percakapan yang tak patut diambil secara harfiah."



6. pancaroba


Meaning: the changing of the season(s)

"Bulan-bulan El NiƱo membawa pancaroba yang malang bagi pekebun."



7. fatamorgana


Maksud: an illusion / fantasy / hallucination

"Apa yang engkau renung tu? Ada fatamorgana di tengah-tengah bandar ke?"



8. prakarsa


Maksud: effort / initiative

"Inilah hasil terbaru prakarsaku."



9. duniawi


Meaning: worldly / material / not eternal

"Janganlah engkau leka dengan hal duniawi."



10. tawarikh


Meaning: history / knowledge of history

"Tawarikh negaramu panjang dan penuh peperangan."



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